Hasegawa 1/48 F-18 A Converted to CF-118
with Verlinden Update Set
Model, Text and Photos by: Ray Snazel
The pride and joy of Canada's Air Command fighter pilots, the CF-118 provides air-to-air interception and air-to ground support to the army. The CF-118 was acquired in 1982 to replace the CF-104, CF-101 and CF-5. With the addition of precision-guided munitions capability, the CF-118 will serve into the next century. The first CF-18 was rolled out on 28 July 1982 and has proven to be ideal for the Canadian Forces. The Aircraft is a dream to fly, according to its pilots, and it has proven up to its task in performing its demanding dual role as an interceptor and ground attack fighter. 138 CF-118s were bought for the Air Force with the first one arriving at CFB Cold Lake in the fall of 1982. With its combination of advanced flight controls and powerful and reliable engines, the Hornet is equally comfortable at high or low altitudes. The Hornet is a classic "turn and burn" weapons delivery platform. McDonnell Douglas designed the Aircraft as a multi-role fighter, which means it excels at attacking both ground and air threats. A CF-18 Hornet gets all the take-off power it needs from two General Electric F404-GE-400 engines, each producing 7,299 kg of thrust. The CF-18 Hornet can carry Sidewinder and Sparrow missiles as an air defence fighter or, 17,000 pounds of ordnance as a strike Aircraft.
The F/A-18 is in service with the U.S. Navy. U.S Marine Corp and the air forces of Canada, Australia, Spain, Kuwait, Finland, Switzerland, and Malaysia. As of May 1999 Hornet pilots have accumulated more than 3.7 million flight hours and, in the process, are establishing new records daily in safety, reliability, maintainability and mission performance.
Canada was the first international customer for the F/A-18, and its fleet of 138 Hornets is the largest outside the United States. Deliveries to Canada were completed in 1988. Canadian CF-118s operate out of Canadian Forces Base Cold Lake, Alberta; and Canadian Forces Base Bagotville. The Canadian Forces are currently planning an aircraft modernization program, which would significantly upgrade the avionics of their CF-118s.
I must confess that I am not a big modern jet modeller; my passion is 48th scale Luftwaffe material. But, being a good old Canadian boy I knew that eventually I would have to build a CF118. Being a WWII modeller, most kits I open have 40 ish parts and slam together pretty fast allowing me a lot of time to weather and tinker. Imagine my surprise when I opened this kit revelling 220 beautiful pieces of moulded plastic coupled with a Photo etch sheet and a book for instructions, YIKES !! Well it took me almost 10 years of quietly placing this kit back on the shelf in fear to get busy and build this bird. Add on the Verlinden update and the wproject quickly reaches the 300 parts threshold. Well all we really require is a few cases of brew and some time. Away we go
The update is another very nice offering comprising of resin and photo etch. It provides full canopy rails and cockpit side walls, a very nice ejection seat, sparrow missles, ladder, wing fold kits, and a few more odds and ends. I choose to use the folding wings on another project as well as the nose radar array.
The cockpit, which happens to be my favourite part of the whole kit, went together with the update set fairly painlessly. First up was the ejection seat, the resin block was carved off and the whole seat sprayed a very darkened Gull Grey. The actual seats are black but personally I have found black almost impossible to highlight realistically and the washes never show up. After a base coat of dark gull grey I blasted future to seal the base and once dry applied a black oil wash thinned in turpentine. Once that was dry the whole seat was dry brushed with different shades of grey until the desired effect was reached. The seat cushion and belts were painted 2 different colors of khaki followed by some red for warning placards and some silver and yellow were appropriate. Once all the dry brushing of the cushions and parachute pack was completed the whole seat was blasted with Poly S flat and set aside.
were the guts of the cockpit and canopy rails from verlinden. The whole cockpit
tub was painted light ghost grey and then the CRT's painted black along with
the removable panels on the side consoles. Another sealing with Future, followed
by a black wash set the tub and front panel up for detailing. The side consoles
were dry brushed a medium grey while anything light grey was dry brushed with
an extremely light grey just a tad off of white. The CRT's were painted with
clear green. The tub was then blasted with flat and as a final touch, the
green CRT screen were touched with a spot of future to give them a glass look.
The cockpit rails and area behind the pilots seat was painted the same dark grey I used for the seat, again according to references this area is black but same reasoning was applied to this area. I personally believe to "duplicate not replicate". This picture actually shows the side panel of the cockpit tub as well as the rails. The verlinden kit supplies a large piece of etch that goes from the bottom of the glaresheild all the way back to the canopy hinge. Well, if you can bend this to look right I salute you. I chose a few select cuts on the etch and it settled into place nicely. Same format here with the washed and dry brushing to get the desired "depth" look to the rails and rear cockpit.
Fuselage and Wings
Once the cockpit was installed, the fuselage halves were glued together. The underside of the Leading Edge Extensions (LEX), in particular I had trouble mating up. Eventually they came together with a bit of putty and all worked out nicely. The nose cone I had to modify for the Canadian forces version with the search light on the left side forward of the LEX. Attaching the nose to the fuselage halves was probably the most difficult part of the constructions process. Take some time with this point and it will save you a lot of grief later.
The wings allow for flap
and slats in two positions, most of the static F18's I had pictures of had
the slats out and the flaps in the extended position. The slats are two pieces
and drop into place easily; the flaps are 6 main parts with rails and a extension
on the top of the wing, no problems at all here. Now we were cooking, I chose
to jump ahead on the instructions and place the horizontal and vertical stabilizers
so get a feel for the overall look of the kit. I love the lines on this plane,
really shows a lot of the aerodynamics used to get the performance required
of this project. The engines were sprayed and built separately and placed
to the side for attachment at a later date.
Step 5 is the attachment of the engine intakes and fuselage sides. There is a distinct ridge on the seam between the intakes and the fuselage sides, this took a lot of fidgeting to get the fuselage looking right while trying to reduce the sanding needed later. To make a long story longer, be careful, I had to do a lot of sanding to get the fit just right. Putty to the rescue.
Landing gear is a thing of beauty, its just to bad that you have to paint
it white, makes it kind of hard to weather but more on that later. The main
gear and the nose gear are metal and clean up extremely easily leaving a highly
detailed addition to your kit. The gear doors have a lot of ejector pin marks
but they clean up very easily. All I added to the wheel wells was some home
made "Remove Before Flight" ribbons and drybrushed in some dirt
for the final touch. The gear was painted white first then pre shaded dark
grey followed by another coat of white to get the shadow effects.
PAINT & DECALS
The decals come from Leading edge out of Calgary. This is a massive sheet giving you 2 full aircraft stencil sheets and enough numbers to do any aircraft in CAF's inventory. There are decals for many different squadrons and options for Balkans operations. I chose Aircraft 733 which flew in the Balkans campaign. Being fully impressed with the sheet of decals I pressed on with the painting. My only disappointment with the decals would come later, This is my first set of Leading Edge decals and I found them very thick and hard to settle down. It took a lot of work with Micro set and Micro sol to get the detail under the decal to come through. They also tended to silver very easily. Again a great set of decals but not thin like the aeromaster decals I am accustomed to.
Painting started with a
primer light grey and then continued with the pre-shade. Once this was completed
I proceeded to apply the camouflage colors. The underside was painted Light
Grey FS 36375 and the top painted Medium Grey FS 35237. Once dry I proceeded
to further shade the topside to simulate weather due to the sun. This was
accomplished by spraying increasingly lighter shades of the original color.
Once dry the whole model was painted with a few coats of future for decal prep. The decals were applied and another coat of future sealed them for weathering. I really experimented with the weather at this stage, having seen many F18s up close they are very simply FILTHY! First order of business was a oil / turpentine wash of black in all the panel lines. Before this dried I took a small sponge and wiped with the direction of airflow to get some streaks. These all originated from a hinge point of something that could generate this streaking. After this was dry (2 days) I applied a Raw umber wash in places to give a bit more definition in the places that the black missed, most of the umber went on the belly and selectively on the top surfaces. At this point the first coat of Poly S flat was applied. With the flat coat I was now able to start with the pastels for the cannon areas and some streaking on the vertical stab's and some weathering in the speed brake area.
3 drop tanks, 2 sparrows, 2 sidewinders and 4 snakeye's from my research was a realistic weapons load for a Balkans mission so there were placed in their respective positions. The snakeye's came from a Hawegawa weapons kit.
Another flat coat was applied after some more red flags were positioned and it was time for the canopy and ladder. The ladder provided from the kit is plastic and photo etch. I choose to use this over the verlinden ladder purely because had trouble getting the verlinden ladder to look right.
Leading Edge decal sheet #48-24
F/A 18A/C & CF18C Hornet. Verlinden Publications Lock On #15, book # 692
Vic Holland, CAF CF118 pilot / Instructor - Retired
Jason Kendal, CAF CF118 pilot - Retired
To Build a Model like Ray's you may consider these kits:
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