Eduard 1/48  P-39/P-400 kits

Model, Text and Photos by: Fernando Rolandelli

 

Historical Notes
From being one of the culprits of the early 1942 Pacific debacle, the Bell fighter is nowadays being reappraised as a good, reliable aircraft that held its own against one of the best trained, highest motivated and most determined enemies you could find. Though, undoubtedly, an aircraft of rather lackluster performance, it managed to keep the enemy at bay (with a probable 1-1 kill ratio) in the wake of the Allied defeat, amidst the utter chaos of Northern Australia and New Guinea, without adequate support and lacking the most minimal early warning system. No fighter could have done well in those conditions. Besides, the exploits of Soviet pilots with it are now beginning to be fully appreciated (though no Western historian will take their victory claims at face value!) The additional fact that it is a very handsome machine which donned very interesting camouflage schemes makes it a highly desirable modeling subject.

Eduard Kits
Well, though discussions will rage forever regarding the relative merits of the old Monogram kit and the new Eduard ones, the latter are among the best kits in the market, not only due to the quality and detail of the plastic components themselves but for the clever packaging of many interesting options in terms of decals, additional PE parts, painting masks and optional parts.

The kits are presented in two basic packages: standard and Profipack. A PE fret and more decal options is the difference; note that the basic plastic components are the same in all variations, and includes three kinds of propeller, three kinds of cowlings for different covers on the nose armament and several different cannon muzzles and covers. The “Q” variants include the under wing pods, but note that the basic P-400 comes with all the plastic pieces, including them.

Requisitioned Airacobra
The subject of this build is a Bell P-400, flown by Lt. Eugene Wahl, from 35th/39th FG, Port Moresby, May 1942. It was one of a batch of 179 ordered by the British Purchase Commission and requisitioned by the USAAC. One hundred of these were rushed to Australia, where they fought mixed with P-39D-1BE and -2BE, still in their British livery.

Construction Notes
Interior: it is a very flimsy assembly that includes the nose wheel bay; if this assembly results narrower than should be, the nose strut won’t fit. The three-piece nose will not align well unless everything is perfect. The gunsight is somewhat simplified; the relationship between the gunsight and the windscreen is complex and lot of dry testing is needed to avoid the gunsight glass being buried below the windscreen level. The lack of coaming forces you to attach the rear of the upper row of instruments, at least. The seat is great, but you should add the rails at its back. I used Eduard pre-painted PE sets sold separately; they assemble well, of course, and provide useful parts, specially the instrument panel.

    

Canopy: it just does not fit well. It seems just a tiny bit narrower than the fuselage, just enough to fit badly; the fact that fuselage halves are usually assembled a little loose to make room for the instrument panel composes the problem. I have worked hard to blend it from the outside, but the results are far from perfect. Doors are another problem: they do not fit in the closed position. Now, left door was usually wired shut… but the choice is yours. My lazy nature won, and left it open. I still have to find a picture of a P-39 parked with the flaps deployed, so I readily found an excuse to skip the complex PE flaps.

Wings: strangely, the left leading edge intake fits much better than the right one; even so, dry fit a lot to avoid problems. If using Eduard’s PE mesh screen, paint the center of the wing black to avoid a nasty see-through effect. The trailing edges must be thinned a lot. Start with the insides.  I did not touch the outside on neither kit, but some people has resorted to that. Remember these were split-flaps, the trailing edge should not be razor-sharp! It could even have a little separation. The PE wheel bay reinforcements are best glued from the inside of the wing before adding wheel roof.

Propeller/gun muzzle assembly: though a blade-by-blade assembly, it is not so fiddly as it seems. The instructions are pretty clear regarding which one must be used. In the P-400, the Hispano muzzle is ridiculously long… at least 3 mm must be cut, and the muzzle carefully reattached.

Painting
Interior: it seems that Bell fighters were painted in the once called “Bell Interior Green”… now known to be just a variant of the usual Dark Dull Green of the early years. I used Testors MM FS 34092, some Xtracrylix Medium Green 42 and some Floquil RAAF Foliage Green!


Exterior: painted to BPC specifications in standard British camouflage… in colours from the Du Pont range. The exact hue of each is not known, samples have not yet been unearthed, yet It seems they were a poor match for the originals, specially the Dark Earth 71-009: too light and reddish, and much prone to weathering; while the Dark Green 71-013 was honestly different, lacking the olive tint of the original. Undersides were a pale grey, Sky Grey 71-021, though of course it is argued, some people saying that it was a pale blue, and some even maintaining it was Sky Type S. Much the same arguing that exists around early Tomahawks/Kittyhawks, which were painted in the same fashion. Well, I used as base colors FS 30219 and Medium Green 42, mixed with some of the original British shades, on ADC Grey 36473, all from the Xtracrylix range. They have a smooth sheen, and the bravest of you could apply decals without a gloss varnish… I didn’t dare. They are also thick and clog the airbrush easily, specially the varnishes. I applied them with liquid mask; I think the originals were painted with rubber masks at the factory. All by themselves, the contrast was much too stark, but it went down with weathering and flat varnish. I used some preshading, postshading, oil washes, airbrushed exhaust and gunpowder stains and, in sheer desperation, mottles and strakes in a dark glaze. But I shall never reach that state of “almost single color uppers” sometimes seen in pictures.

I chose to paint the propeller tips Yellow. Most P-39s do not sport them, but most of those which do are almost always P-400s.

Decals: I used those included in the kit, they are of aftermarket quality. There are some issues, however, but not with the airframe I chose… well, almost! In the Osprey book a profile is shown of “Pat/Wahl Eye II” where the graffiti is painted in Blue, the Flight color, which is not unreasonable. Some other book shows the trims as yellow! The second P-400 offered, from the 80th FG, may have sported a highly weathered British camouflage, and not the OD/NG shown, which makes it a much more interesting finish. Nothing serious, just some contested schemes. With such a camouflage is depicted in a Polish book.

Conclusion: Handsome aircraft, handsome kit. It must be assembled with some care, nonetheless. Lots of interesting schemes are available. With some spare decals, even a Soviet Airacobra I can be built. The early US star really shows in a DG/DE machine, and those hard worked, unsung machines are perfect to practice some good weathering.

References
- “Monogram’s Guide to USAAC Colours and Markings”, Don Archer
- “US Export colors and Primers”, Dana Bell
- “P-39 Airacobra Aces of WW2”, Mellinger and Stanaway, Osprey Publications
- “Second World War Special”, Fine Scale Modeller Magazine.

 

       

The images below have been used with permission form eduard model accessories

         


Warning: mysql_connect() [function.mysql-connect]: Access denied for user 'a0014370'@'69.160.68.37' (using password: YES) in /usr/home/web/users/a0014370/html/common/connect.php on line 2

 

Models and Accessories:



Warning: mysql_query() [function.mysql-query]: Access denied for user 'dwright'@'localhost' (using password: NO) in /usr/home/web/users/a0014370/html/nreviews/airplanes/48EduardP-400/EduardP400.php on line 197

Warning: mysql_query() [function.mysql-query]: A link to the server could not be established in /usr/home/web/users/a0014370/html/nreviews/airplanes/48EduardP-400/EduardP400.php on line 197
Error: 1045; error description: Access denied for user 'dwright'@'localhost' (using password: NO)
Item: Description: Price:
(click to order)

I'm sorry, but since the review has been published that product appears to have gone out of production.


Warning: mysql_query() [function.mysql-query]: Access denied for user 'dwright'@'localhost' (using password: NO) in /usr/home/web/users/a0014370/html/nreviews/airplanes/48EduardP-400/EduardP400.php on line 250

Warning: mysql_query() [function.mysql-query]: A link to the server could not be established in /usr/home/web/users/a0014370/html/nreviews/airplanes/48EduardP-400/EduardP400.php on line 250
Error: 1045; error description: Access denied for user 'dwright'@'localhost' (using password: NO)
I'm sorry, but since the review has been published that product appears to have gone out of production.


Warning: mysql_query() [function.mysql-query]: Access denied for user 'dwright'@'localhost' (using password: NO) in /usr/home/web/users/a0014370/html/nreviews/airplanes/48EduardP-400/EduardP400.php on line 303

Warning: mysql_query() [function.mysql-query]: A link to the server could not be established in /usr/home/web/users/a0014370/html/nreviews/airplanes/48EduardP-400/EduardP400.php on line 303
Error: 1045; error description: Access denied for user 'dwright'@'localhost' (using password: NO)
I'm sorry, but since the review has been published that product appears to have gone out of production.


Warning: mysql_query() [function.mysql-query]: Access denied for user 'dwright'@'localhost' (using password: NO) in /usr/home/web/users/a0014370/html/nreviews/airplanes/48EduardP-400/EduardP400.php on line 357

Warning: mysql_query() [function.mysql-query]: A link to the server could not be established in /usr/home/web/users/a0014370/html/nreviews/airplanes/48EduardP-400/EduardP400.php on line 357
Error: 1045; error description: Access denied for user 'dwright'@'localhost' (using password: NO)
I'm sorry, but since the review has been published that product appears to have gone out of production.


Warning: mysql_query() [function.mysql-query]: Access denied for user 'dwright'@'localhost' (using password: NO) in /usr/home/web/users/a0014370/html/nreviews/airplanes/48EduardP-400/EduardP400.php on line 411

Warning: mysql_query() [function.mysql-query]: A link to the server could not be established in /usr/home/web/users/a0014370/html/nreviews/airplanes/48EduardP-400/EduardP400.php on line 411
Error: 1045; error description: Access denied for user 'dwright'@'localhost' (using password: NO)
I'm sorry, but since the review has been published that product appears to have gone out of production.


Warning: mysql_query() [function.mysql-query]: Access denied for user 'dwright'@'localhost' (using password: NO) in /usr/home/web/users/a0014370/html/nreviews/airplanes/48EduardP-400/EduardP400.php on line 465

Warning: mysql_query() [function.mysql-query]: A link to the server could not be established in /usr/home/web/users/a0014370/html/nreviews/airplanes/48EduardP-400/EduardP400.php on line 465
Error: 1045; error description: Access denied for user 'dwright'@'localhost' (using password: NO)
I'm sorry, but since the review has been published that product appears to have gone out of production.


Warning: mysql_query() [function.mysql-query]: Access denied for user 'dwright'@'localhost' (using password: NO) in /usr/home/web/users/a0014370/html/nreviews/airplanes/48EduardP-400/EduardP400.php on line 519

Warning: mysql_query() [function.mysql-query]: A link to the server could not be established in /usr/home/web/users/a0014370/html/nreviews/airplanes/48EduardP-400/EduardP400.php on line 519
Error: 1045; error description: Access denied for user 'dwright'@'localhost' (using password: NO)
I'm sorry, but since the review has been published that product appears to have gone out of production.